What Is A Shark Sense Of Touch Like?

Sharks are amazing and mysterious animals that swim in the deep ocean. They have sharp teeth and a streamlined body, and they’re often thought of as ruthless hunters. But there’s more to sharks than what meets the eye. One of the most fascinating things about sharks is their sense of touch. In this article, we’ll explore this sensory system and how it helps them move around their environment with precision.

Sharks’ Sense of Touch: The Lateral Line System

Sharks are able to detect even the slightest movements around them due to their incredible sense of touch. This sense is located in their lateral line system, which consists of canals running along the sides of their body. These canals are filled with fluid and contain cells that can detect vibrations in the water. By sensing changes in water pressure, the lateral line system allows sharks to spot movement and locate prey. Furthermore, this system is essential for helping sharks navigate their environment with precision.

Sharks’ Sense of Touch: Ampullae of Lorenzini

In addition to their lateral line system, sharks have special receptors called ampullae of Lorenzini on their head and snout. These receptors are filled with a jelly-like substance and can detect electrical fields. Sharks use this unique ability to sense the weak electrical fields made by the muscles and nerves of their prey. It helps them find their prey, even in murky water where they can’t see well.

Sharks’ Teeth: Sensitive and Essential

Sharks’ teeth are also super-sensitive and can feel the texture, shape, and density of their prey. This sense in their mouths is crucial for grabbing and manipulating prey. Sharks use their teeth to catch and crush their prey.

Sharks use touch to communicate with each other too. Some species of shark have special organs called barbels near their mouths. These organs detect chemical signals in the water, which helps sharks talk to each other and find potential mates.


So, sharks have a great sense of touch that helps them survive. Their lateral line system and ampullae of Lorenzini help them detect changes in water pressure and electrical fields, which they use to locate their prey. Sharks use touch to manipulate their prey, communicate with each other, and navigate their surroundings. By understanding how sharks sense their environment, we can appreciate these amazing animals and their important role in the ocean.